Is There Liability from In-Home Security Monitoring?

Legal expert Ken Kirschenbaum is not prepared to say in-home central station monitoring is deceptive or a dereliction of duty.

Is There Liability from In-Home Security Monitoring?

In-home monitoring is becoming more common, even among large central stations. Photo Credit: Adobe Stock/ by Redpixel

Back in July, Security Sales & Integration published an explosive article by industry expert Jeff Zwirn discussing central stations allowing their operators to work from home rather than in the confines of the central. Zwirn contends that home-based monitoring is not as good as monitoring conducted at the central station due to more distraction and less supervision. He also suggests that home monitoring is taking place because central stations are saving money, on labor presumably, and that UL has endorsed the practice, something he doesn’t agree with. He contends that home monitoring “has the potential to create unheralded liability.”

Lest you think that it’s the central station’s problem, not yours, he reminds you that all alarm dealers agree to indemnify their central station, even for mistakes made by the central. If indemnity isn’t enough to worry about, consider that it’s you, the dealer, that has contracted to provide monitoring services to your customers. Just a few holdout (foolish) dealers use only a monitoring contract provided by their central station, so most of you are (wisely) contracting directly with the customer for the monitoring service using Standard Form Agreements (

Zwirn goes on to contend that alarm dealers not only don’t discuss this home monitoring issue, but they are concealing it from their customers, which also concludes (perhaps correctly) that customers would object or at least not prefer operator home monitoring. He notes that UL-827 has approved operator home monitoring, over his objection.

Finally, he makes a legal conclusion that: “Anytime an alarm company makes fundamental changes in the services contracted for, it needs to be disclosed to each subscriber so that they can make informed choices. Failure to disclose any change in services, let alone ones that do not provide consumers with more security, is a recipe for disaster that many in the central station industry are the architects of.”

Let’s see what monitoring stipulations you are agreeing to in the Residential All in One contract:

“Upon receipt of an alarm signal, video or audio transmission, from Subscriber’s security and/or fire alarm system, ALARM COMPANY or its designee Monitoring Center shall make every reasonable effort to notify Subscriber and the appropriate municipal police or fire department (First Responders) depending upon the type of signal received. Fire alarms are reported to the fire department unless operator believes no fire condition exists at the premises. Subscriber may obtain a written response policy from ALARM COMPANY. No response shall be required for supervisory, loss of communication pathway, trouble or low battery signals. If the equipment contains video or listening devices permitting Monitoring Center to monitor video or sound then upon receipt of an alarm signal Monitoring Center shall monitor video or sound for so long as Monitoring Center in its sole discretion deems appropriate to confirm an alarm or emergency condition.”

Unless you described the workings of the central station, specifically where it’s located and how it monitors accounts, there seems to be no reason to differentiate between in-house or in-home operator monitoring. But that doesn’t end this discussion. As a respected alarm expert, Zwirn’s observations and conclusions are sought in many legal forums; his opinion on alarm operations matters. Does it overshadow UL or operational standards established by leading central stations? Probably not, but it sure gives moment for pause.

Most alarm customers have signed a proper alarm contract. If you don’t use a proper contract, then that’s your problem. Even if you do use a proper contract the provisions are not going to protect you against claims of gross negligence; not if they can be proven. Gross negligence is not easy to prove; you need an alarm expert to support the claim. Zwirn doesn’t mention “gross negligence,” but it’s not a long walk from what he wrote.

I don’t know enough about operator in-home monitoring. I am told the largest central station permits it; that other reputable centrals permit it, and not just for some but most of their operators. I am also told that other reputable monitoring centers employ 100% in-office operators; they come to the facility like the good old days. I agree that supervision over central station operators is essential.

I’m not prepared to suggest that permitting operators to work from home is tantamount to deception, dereliction of duty, gross negligence or even negligence. As of now, UL and professional central stations are endorsing the practice and generally industry norms and standards, when followed, will negate findings of liability.


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About the Author


Jason Knott is Chief Content Officer for Emerald Expositions Connected Brands. Jason has covered low-voltage electronics as an editor since 1990, serving as editor and publisher of Security Sales & Integration. He joined CE Pro in 2000 and serves as Editor-in-Chief of that brand. He served as chairman of the Security Industry Association’s Education Committee from 2000-2004 and sat on the board of that association from 1998-2002. He is also a former board member of the Alarm Industry Research and Educational Foundation. He has been a member of the CEDIA Business Working Group since 2010. Jason graduated from the University of Southern California. Have a suggestion or a topic you want to read more about? Email Jason at [email protected]

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